How to wash makeup brushes correctly

How to wash makeup brushes correctly, what helps to clean cosmetic sponges (including after foundation), and how frequent you should do it

Almost every girl has a set of brushes and sponges for makeup. However, not everyone knows that it is necessary to wash and disinfect these products regularly. Applying powder or blush, you gather all the grease of the skin, the sweat and the dead epidermis cells at the same time. Besides, if you have pimples, to that group you add bacteria. It provides a supportive environment for microorganisms, which hit the skin together with the cosmetics when you use the brush for the second time.

Paint me, you, artist: types of makeup brushes

Everyone decides how many brushes to have. There is a certain minimal set necessary for makeup, but you have a right to expand it. There are special tools for application of the foundation, powder, blush, eyeshadows, lip gloss and others.

Zoeva - makeup brushes
Makeup brushes are better to keep in a special case

Advice! Do not apply pressed makeup products with the brush of natural fibres. The products contain oily components which quickly soak into the fibres. This will make the tool qualities worse, and it also can cause skin irritation.

Types of makeup application cosmetic tools

Brush material

The makeup tools are made of either natural or synthetic fibres. The dry friable products are applied with the help of brushes of natural fibres, the liquid and creamy products – of synthetic fibres.
  1. The natural fibres are soft and silken; they are good for applying the friable powder, blush, eyeshadow. The liquid and creamy products are soaked well. This makes the fibre heavier and has an impact on the makeup quality. It is impossible to blend properly the foundation or concealer with the help of the natural fibre brush.
  2. The synthetic fibres are harder. This is not the best variant for the friable products; the feelings after applying are not very pleasant. However, such a brush can perfectly blend the foundation, it is handy to mask small skin imperfections with the concealer. Due to the fact, that the fibres have smooth structure, they do not become clogged with the product.

There are no problems with the synthetic brushes as they do not soak oils, are easy to wash and quick to dry. The natural brushes require a separate handling. The wrong treatment can spoil them beyond hope. However, regardless of the material, make sure to wash brushes and do it regularly.

Everyday tool washing rules

The profes sional makeup artists wash and disinfect brushes after each client. And this is right because the bacteria living on the skin of one person can easily be transformed on the skin of another person with the help of a dirty brush. There is no such a risk in home use. If the brush is individual, you can transform to your skin only the bacteria living on your skin. However, quite well bred. Because if we wash our face every day, with brushes it is a different story.
brushes for makeup
Using makeup tools, take care of their hyg iene

 

How often you need to wash brushes and sponges for powder, foundation and decorative cosmetics

The treatment is divided into surface cleaning, which is recommended to conduct after each brush usage, and deep one. As for the the periodicity of the deep cleaning, there is no consensus. Some sources advise brush cleaning once a week or even a month. This is acceptable under conditions of the everyday surface cleaning. There is one nuance: the brushes for creamy and liquid products, especially the brush for the liquid eyeliner should be washed every day. The grease wet environment for these bacteria is the “resort center” for them. One day is enough for them to breed in the insane amount and cause skin irritation when used for the second time. It is especially dangerous for the eyeliner brush.

 

Cosmetic tools treatment recommendations:
  • make sure to wash the brushes and sponges made for the applying of foundation, concealer and of other liquid or creamy products as well as the eyeliner brush and the lip brush after each usage;
  • the powder brush and the blush brush need to be washed once a week on the condition that you use them every day;
  • the eyeshadow applicators – every third day;
  • the powder puff – once a week.

How to wash tools after each usage

For this purpose you need to use makeup cleansing tissue and a disinfectant. First, the cosmetic products are removed from the brushes, then the brushes undergo disinfection, if these two functions are not united in one and the same product.
  1. Wipe the tools with the tissue until they are clean. You can use mycelial water for this purpose.
  2. There is one more interesting way – the dry cleaning by any tissue made of microfibre. According to the producer, they remove 99.9% of bacteria.
  3. A special ribbed mat or mittens are handy for clearing the brushes from the cosmetics.
  4. After cleaning make sure to treat the brushes with the disinfector.
Clean makeup brushes
The special ribbed mat will help to clean the brush

Disinfectants and their usage

  1. The professional products for the quick cleaning are sprays, liquids, lotions. The brush is either sprayed or cleaned by the tissue with a lotion. You can also pour some amount of the lotion into a cup and then dip the brush fibre into it. These products are good, because they clean and at the same time disinfect tools. A special formula allows brushes drying within a few seconds.
  2. Everyone has an access to buy such disinfectant as chlorhexidine.
  3. Another disinfectant that can be found in every household is the table vinegar. Mix it with water at the ratio of 1:2, put there the brush and leave it for several minutes, then, wash it in the water.
  4. For the synthetic brushes you can use the mixture of hydrogen peroxide and water at the ratio of 1:1. Rinse the brush into the mixture and wash it in the water.
  5. Sometimes the professionals use pure alcohol for this purpose. At home it is better to use the alcohol only for the synthetic fibre brushes, because such a treatment will harm the natural fibres. After the process, dry the brushes very well in order for the alcohol to exhale, and not to let it cause the skin irritation and dryness.
  6. The lotions including alcohol can also be used for the brush cleaning. Just put some amount of the product on the brush and wipe it with a dry tissue. But do not use such a lotion constantly.

Let’s wash brushes

The deep cleaning of the brush is the washing. For this purpose you can use the industrial or household cleansers:
  • Cleanser – professional product;
  • Hair shampoo; the one for kids is better;
  • Soap;
  • Tea tree oil;
  • Olive oil;
  • Hydrophilic oil;
  • Gel or any other face wash.
The hydrophilic oil is a general natural product for makeup cleaning, besides it is a great thing for deep cleaning of the cosmetic brushes
The hydrophilic oil is a general natural product for makeup cleaning, besides it is a great thing for deep cleaning of the cosmetic brushes
The hydrophilic oil is used for careful skin cleansing from makeup. It is sold in every cosmetic shop. The composition contains different oils and an emulsifier which makes the product water – soluble. It can be replaced by any remover for lasting decorative cosmetics.

How to wash brushes with a shampoo

  1. Pour a shampoo drop on your palm.
  2. Dip the brush into the shampoo and make the foam. Work in circular motions with the big brushes, in touching motions – small brushes.
  3. Next, massage the fibres in order to remove all the inner trash, and wash the brush in the water holding it in the upright position.
The ribbed mat is handy for the brush cleansing
The ribbed mat is handy for the brush cleansing
Advice! In order to prevent the fibres from sticking up after washing, use the shampoo & conditioner or wash the brush in the water adding some hair balsam.
You can make it another way.
  1. Take a small bowl or a glass, pour in some water, add the cleanser and mix it. You can add some drops of the tea tree oil. It will smooth the fibre. Besides, the oil has antibacterial properties.
  2. Dip the brushes into the mixture and leave for 15 – 20 minutes.
  3. Shake it in the basin removing the dirt and massaging if necessary.
  4. Wash well in the pure water.
Dip the brush into the soapy mixture and leave it for several minutes
Dip the brush into the soapy mixture and leave it for several minutes

How to wash brushes with the help of olive oil

The olive oil does not cause the skin irritation; has healing properties; finely dissolves the dirt, and moist the skin and hair. In contrast with other oils, the olive one does not form a film on the surface and is easy to remove.
  1. Pour some oil on the saucer and dip the tool. In circular motions spread the oil over the saucer with the brush, massage the oil into the brush to sink it into the fibres and smooth the dirt.
  2. Remove the oil with the shampoo and rinse the brush in the water.
Advice! Do not make the brush wet before applying the cleanser, so the oil will be removed better.
The alternative way is to add some amount of the olive oil to the cleanser. Mix the components and wash the brushes in the mixture.

Liquid or hard soap for the synthetic fibres

  1. Make the brush wet and spread the hard or liquid soap on the brush.
  2. Massage it in order for the cleanser to spread all over the brush smoothly.
  3. Remove with the water.
This way is the best for cleaning the synthetic brush from the concealer or the foundation. The soap leaves a thin firm on the natural fibres.
Advice! Hold the brushes in the upright position during washing and prevent thewater from entering into the brush handle. The fibres are united with the glue inside the handle; and the water will spoil it.
Any liquid or hard soap can be used for the synthetic fibre brush cleaning
Any liquid or hard soap can be used for the synthetic fibre brush cleaning

Professional products

The special products for the cosmetic brush cleansing are presented in any form: lotion, spray, gel, shampoo. Most of them are general and can be used for any type of brush, however, there are some special ones designed for the natural brushes. When buying the cleanser, pay attention to this fact.
The spray, lotion, and the liquid are used for the surface cleaning and disinfection, this has been said before. Their major advantage is the minimum time for the tool treatment: the brushes dry out within several seconds. The deep cleaning requires professional shampoo as well as the gel, paste or soap. They help to wash the brushes and then the brushes are watered and dried out.
First, the brush is sprayed and then cleaned with a paper napkin
First, the brush is sprayed and then cleaned with a paper napkin

Home products for brush washing

You can make a mixture for the quick brush cleaning on your own. You will need:

  • 250 ml of distilled or ice water;
  • 50 ml of pure alcohol;
  • 1 tbsp of the dishwas hing liquid;
  • 1 tbsp of shampoo for kids.

Algorithm:

  1. Mix the components and pour the mixture into the bottle with the pulverizer.
  2. Sprinkle the brushes and dry thoroughly with the paper napkin until the dirt is removed. The brushes dry after this procedure within 5 minutes, because the product contains alcohol.
  3. If you do not have the pulverizer, you can pour some lotion on the napkin or a tissue and wipe the brush.
The disadvantage of such a lotion is that the cleanser remains on the brush and this is harmful for your skin. Besides, the alcohol affects the natural fibres. It is true that the professional products contain the alcohol too, but the amount of it is strongly adjusted, so it cannot harm the brush.
Do not use the lotions including alcohol for the cleaning of the tools which are used by the persons with an allergy or the people who have sensitive or blemish – prone skin. It is better to wash the brushes or clean them by the dry method and then disinfect.

Correct way to dry brushes

After washing and disinfection the tools need to be dried properly.

  1. Wring out the clean brushes with your palm. Do not squeeze too much so you cannot spoil the fibres. Then pat them dry with the paper napkin or a Turkish towel to remove moisture surplus.
  2. Do not dry the brushes near a source of heat or in a draught. Do not try to speed the process with the help of hair drier. It will be correct to place the wet tools on the tissue spread over the table. The handles should be on the table, and the parts with the fibres should be hung down.
Correct way to dry brushes After washing and disinfection the tools need to be dried properly. 1. Wring out the clean brushes with your palm. Do not squeeze too much so you cannot spoil the fibres. Then pat them dry with the paper napkin or a Turkish towe l to remove moisture surplus. 2. Do not dry the brushes near a source of heat or in a draught. Do not try to speed the process with the help of hair drier. It will be correct to place the wet tools on the tissue spread over the table. The handles should be on the table, and the parts with the fibres should be hung down. To dry the brushes, place them on the table edge
To dry the brushes, place them on the table edge

Sponges and Beauty Blender treatment advice

The ones, who use Beauty Blender sponge for makeup application, must know that this tool needs a thorough cleaning. Such products as the foundation contain greasy components, which are washed out only with the help of the soapy or oily cleansers. And the procedure should be conducted after each usage.
You can get a special soap made for the brush and sponge cleaning
You can get a special soap made for the brush and sponge cleaning
  1. Lather up the wet sponge. It is better to use the intended for this purpose cleanser (soap or gel), which is often sold together with the sponge.
  2. Thoroughly squeeze the sponge, making the foam. Then rinse it in the water, pushing the dirt from the center to the edges.
  3. If the sponge is very dirty, dip it into the olive oil and crumple thoroughly to fully penetrate the oil. After this lather the sponge and crumple it once again, then wash it in the water. If the oil has not been removed, use the soap once again.
  4. Dry the sponge out on the paper napkin or a tissue at the room temperature.

Latex sponges for Makeup

The sponge is handy for applying the foundation, but you have to wash the tool after each usage.

How to wash flat sponges and powder puff

The flat sponges and powder puffs are made of different material. But all of them are necessary to wash.
  1. Wash the sponges in the water adding the shampoo for kids.
  2. If the sponge is very dirty, make sure to wash it with the olive or hydrophilic oil preliminary. Any makeup remover will do too.
  3. Remove the foam with the water. For the powder puff add a drop of a hair conditioner or balsam to return the fluffiness.
  4. Carefully squeeze the sponge between two sheets of paper towel or the Turkish towel. Shake the powder puff.
  5. Dry out on the dry napkin.

How to wash mascara brushes

Buying a mascara, we think that this tool is secured with the tube and does not need the treatment. Applying the mascara on the eyelashes, we simultaneously gather the bacteria and replace them to the tube with the brush. And if you suddenly get the eye irritation, the low – quality mascara may not be the case, it can be just a dirty brush.
The profes sional makeup artists never use the brush from the tube when apply the mascara to the model’s eyelashes. First, they put some amount of mascara on the palette and then take the clean brush and apply the mascara to the eyelashes.
How to wash mascara brushes
The mascara brush must be washed from time to time

How to wash the mascara brush:

  1. Remove the mascara and the dry clumps with the help of the paper towel. For this purpose, carefully wrap the brush into the towel, press with the fingers and rotate.
  2. Dip the brush into the glass with the hot but not boiling water. Leave it for 5 – 10 minutes. You can shake the brush in the water to speed the process.
  3. Pull it out of the water and dry with the towel.
  4. Dip the brush into the basin with the isopropyl alcohol for one minute. If within this time the brush has not been cleared, leave it there for one more minute.
  5. Thoroughly rinse and dry the brush before putting it back into the tube.
  6. It is also recommended to clean the tube thread from the adhered mascara to close it tight.
You can also wash the brush with the shampoo. If you do not get the result, repeat the process until it becomes clean. The makeup removing napkins give good results. Do not neglect the hygiene rules for your “helpers” in this uneasy business – preen feathers. Because the beautiful skin is healthy skin. This to a great extent depends on the clean brushes that you use.

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