Almost every girl has a set of brushes and sponges for makeup. However, not everyone knows that it is necessary to wash and disinfect these products regularly. Applying powder or blush, you gather all the grease of the skin, the sweat and the dead epidermis cells at the same time. Besides, if you have pimples, to that group you add bacteria. It provides a supportive environment for microorganisms, which hit the skin together with the cosmetics when you use the brush for the second time.
Paint me, you, artist: types of makeup brushes
Everyone decides how many brushes to have. There is a certain minimal set necessary for makeup, but you have a right to expand it. There are special tools for application of the foundation, powder, blush, eyeshadows, lip gloss and others.
Advice! Do not apply pressed makeup products with the brush of natural fibres. The products contain oily components which quickly soak into the fibres. This will make the tool qualities worse, and it also can cause skin irritation.
Types of makeup application cosmetic tools
- The natural fibres are soft and silken; they are good for applying the friable powder, blush, eyeshadow. The liquid and creamy products are soaked well. This makes the fibre heavier and has an impact on the makeup quality. It is impossible to blend properly the foundation or concealer with the help of the natural fibre brush.
- The synthetic fibres are harder. This is not the best variant for the friable products; the feelings after applying are not very pleasant. However, such a brush can perfectly blend the foundation, it is handy to mask small skin imperfections with the concealer. Due to the fact, that the fibres have smooth structure, they do not become clogged with the product.
There are no problems with the synthetic brushes as they do not soak oils, are easy to wash and quick to dry. The natural brushes require a separate handling. The wrong treatment can spoil them beyond hope. However, regardless of the material, make sure to wash brushes and do it regularly.
Everyday tool washing rules
How often you need to wash brushes and sponges for powder, foundation and decorative cosmetics
- make sure to wash the brushes and sponges made for the applying of foundation, concealer and of other liquid or creamy products as well as the eyeliner brush and the lip brush after each usage;
the powder brush and the blush brush need to be washed once a week on the condition that you use them every day;
the eyeshadow applicators – every third day;
the powder puff – once a week.
How to wash tools after each usage
- Wipe the tools with the tissue until they are clean. You can use mycelial water for this purpose.
- There is one more interesting way – the dry cleaning by any tissue made of microfibre. According to the producer, they remove 99.9% of bacteria.
- A special ribbed mat or mittens are handy for clearing the brushes from the cosmetics.
- After cleaning make sure to treat the brushes with the disinfector.
Disinfectants and their usage
- The professional products for the quick cleaning are sprays, liquids, lotions. The brush is either sprayed or cleaned by the tissue with a lotion. You can also pour some amount of the lotion into a cup and then dip the brush fibre into it. These products are good, because they clean and at the same time disinfect tools. A special formula allows brushes drying within a few seconds.
- Everyone has an access to buy such disinfectant as chlorhexidine.
- Another disinfectant that can be found in every household is the table vinegar. Mix it with water at the ratio of 1:2, put there the brush and leave it for several minutes, then, wash it in the water.
- For the synthetic brushes you can use the mixture of hydrogen peroxide and water at the ratio of 1:1. Rinse the brush into the mixture and wash it in the water.
- Sometimes the professionals use pure alcohol for this purpose. At home it is better to use the alcohol only for the synthetic fibre brushes, because such a treatment will harm the natural fibres. After the process, dry the brushes very well in order for the alcohol to exhale, and not to let it cause the skin irritation and dryness.
- The lotions including alcohol can also be used for the brush cleaning. Just put some amount of the product on the brush and wipe it with a dry tissue. But do not use such a lotion constantly.
Let’s wash brushes
- Cleanser – professional product;
- Hair shampoo; the one for kids is better;
- Tea tree oil;
- Olive oil;
- Hydrophilic oil;
- Gel or any other face wash.
The hydrophilic oil is used for careful skin cleansing from makeup. It is sold in every cosmetic shop. The composition contains different oils and an emulsifier which makes the product water – soluble. It can be replaced by any remover for lasting decorative cosmetics.
How to wash brushes with a shampoo
- Pour a shampoo drop on your palm.
- Dip the brush into the shampoo and make the foam. Work in circular motions with the big brushes, in touching motions – small brushes.
- Next, massage the fibres in order to remove all the inner trash, and wash the brush in the water holding it in the upright position.
Advice! In order to prevent the fibres from sticking up after washing, use the shampoo & conditioner or wash the brush in the water adding some hair balsam.
- Take a small bowl or a glass, pour in some water, add the cleanser and mix it. You can add some drops of the tea tree oil. It will smooth the fibre. Besides, the oil has antibacterial properties.
- Dip the brushes into the mixture and leave for 15 – 20 minutes.
- Shake it in the basin removing the dirt and massaging if necessary.
- Wash well in the pure water.
How to wash brushes with the help of olive oil
- Pour some oil on the saucer and dip the tool. In circular motions spread the oil over the saucer with the brush, massage the oil into the brush to sink it into the fibres and smooth the dirt.
- Remove the oil with the shampoo and rinse the brush in the water.
Advice! Do not make the brush wet before applying the cleanser, so the oil will be removed better.
Liquid or hard soap for the synthetic fibres
- Make the brush wet and spread the hard or liquid soap on the brush.
- Massage it in order for the cleanser to spread all over the brush smoothly.
- Remove with the water.
Advice! Hold the brushes in the upright position during washing and prevent thewater from entering into the brush handle. The fibres are united with the glue inside the handle; and the water will spoil it.
Home products for brush washing
You can make a mixture for the quick brush cleaning on your own. You will need:
- 250 ml of distilled or ice water;
- 50 ml of pure alcohol;
- 1 tbsp of the dishwas hing liquid;
- 1 tbsp of shampoo for kids.
- Mix the components and pour the mixture into the bottle with the pulverizer.
- Sprinkle the brushes and dry thoroughly with the paper napkin until the dirt is removed. The brushes dry after this procedure within 5 minutes, because the product contains alcohol.
- If you do not have the pulverizer, you can pour some lotion on the napkin or a tissue and wipe the brush.
Do not use the lotions including alcohol for the cleaning of the tools which are used by the persons with an allergy or the people who have sensitive or blemish – prone skin. It is better to wash the brushes or clean them by the dry method and then disinfect.
Correct way to dry brushes
After washing and disinfection the tools need to be dried properly.
- Wring out the clean brushes with your palm. Do not squeeze too much so you cannot spoil the fibres. Then pat them dry with the paper napkin or a Turkish towel to remove moisture surplus.
- Do not dry the brushes near a source of heat or in a draught. Do not try to speed the process with the help of hair drier. It will be correct to place the wet tools on the tissue spread over the table. The handles should be on the table, and the parts with the fibres should be hung down.
Sponges and Beauty Blender treatment advice
- Lather up the wet sponge. It is better to use the intended for this purpose cleanser (soap or gel), which is often sold together with the sponge.
- Thoroughly squeeze the sponge, making the foam. Then rinse it in the water, pushing the dirt from the center to the edges.
- If the sponge is very dirty, dip it into the olive oil and crumple thoroughly to fully penetrate the oil. After this lather the sponge and crumple it once again, then wash it in the water. If the oil has not been removed, use the soap once again.
- Dry the sponge out on the paper napkin or a tissue at the room temperature.
The sponge is handy for applying the foundation, but you have to wash the tool after each usage.
How to wash flat sponges and powder puff
- Wash the sponges in the water adding the shampoo for kids.
- If the sponge is very dirty, make sure to wash it with the olive or hydrophilic oil preliminary. Any makeup remover will do too.
- Remove the foam with the water. For the powder puff add a drop of a hair conditioner or balsam to return the fluffiness.
- Carefully squeeze the sponge between two sheets of paper towel or the Turkish towel. Shake the powder puff.
- Dry out on the dry napkin.
How to wash mascara brushes
The profes sional makeup artists never use the brush from the tube when apply the mascara to the model’s eyelashes. First, they put some amount of mascara on the palette and then take the clean brush and apply the mascara to the eyelashes.
How to wash the mascara brush:
- Remove the mascara and the dry clumps with the help of the paper towel. For this purpose, carefully wrap the brush into the towel, press with the fingers and rotate.
- Dip the brush into the glass with the hot but not boiling water. Leave it for 5 – 10 minutes. You can shake the brush in the water to speed the process.
- Pull it out of the water and dry with the towel.
- Dip the brush into the basin with the isopropyl alcohol for one minute. If within this time the brush has not been cleared, leave it there for one more minute.
- Thoroughly rinse and dry the brush before putting it back into the tube.
- It is also recommended to clean the tube thread from the adhered mascara to close it tight.